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Who Rules It Can Exist with Other Forms of Government

This can be the natural and temporary result of a civil war in a country, when an established state has been destroyed and the region is in a phase of transition without final leadership. [3] Alternatively, it has been presented as a viable long-term choice of individuals known as anarchists who oppose the state and other forms of coercive hierarchies. These people generally think that people should organize themselves into non-hierarchical voluntary associations where people volunteer to help each other. [4] There are a variety of forms of anarchy that seek to prevent the use of coercion, violence, violence and authority while producing a productive and desirable society. [5] [6] Some key characteristics define certain types; Others are historically associated with certain types of government. Whatever the form of government, real governance can be influenced by sectors with political power that are not part of formal government. These are terms that emphasize certain actions of governors, such as corruption, demagogy or fear, that can disrupt the intended functioning of government if they are widespread enough. Countries whose citizens are governed by the absolute decisions of the ruler were not necessarily unhappy. A government whose king or queen reigns with justice and wisdom can enjoy great legitimacy as long as the authority of the ruler is accepted. Sometimes people accept their boss because they are afraid of the consequences if they don`t.

As Machiavelli said, „It is better to be feared than loved.“ As long as the feared ruler brings prosperity or protects the lives of his subjects, it is quite possible that his people will be happy. An absolute ruler can be accepted because people believe or accept the idea that God has given him the right to rule. This belief is known as divine right, which has often been associated with a monarchy, a form of government in which the power of the king or queen is hereditary. A similar idea legitimized the Chinese emperor, whose reign was threatened when his subjects felt he had lost the „Mandate of Heaven.“ Human domination can also take the form of an oligarchy or the domination of a few elites whose right to rule is based on wealth ownership, social status, military position or achievements. A somewhat broader rule is aristocracy (literally „rule of the highest“), but if the type of government is „ruled by men,“ its decisions are always arbitrary and absolute. variant of democracy; Government in which the people represent themselves or choose to temporarily delegate their vote to another elector to vote in favour of new laws and public order. Governing by a form of government in which the people or a substantial part of them have the highest control over the government and in which the offices of the state are elected or elected by the elected people. [24] [25] A common simplified definition of a republic is a government in which the head of state is not a monarch. [26] [27] Montesquieu included both democracies, in which all the people participate in power, and aristocracies or oligarchies, in which only a part of the people govern, as republican forms of government.

[28] Countries with monarchical attributes are those in which a family or group of families (rarely any other type of group) called royalty represents national identity, with power traditionally vested in one of its individuals, the so-called monarch, who primarily rules kingdoms. The actual role of the monarch and other royalty varies from purely symbolic (crowned republic) to partial and limited (constitutional monarchy) to completely despotic (absolute monarchy). Traditionally, and in most cases, the position of monarch is inherited, but there are also elective monarchies where the monarch is elected. So whether a king can command „with his head open“ depends on the type of government that is accepted in his country. If he sets the rules (domination by man) or if the accepted external rules allow it (rule of law), the victim has no chance. This article lists forms of government and political systems in a number of different ways of categorizing them. The systems listed are not mutually exclusive and often have overlapping definitions. The rule of law exists in any political system in which not all those in power can set their own rules, but must follow an established code of law.

In ancient times, a Byzantine emperor established the Code of Justinian, a set of laws bearing his name that survived long after his death. We still follow parts of that code today. The Romans were also known to codify laws, as was Napoleon, Emperor of France, several centuries later. Oligarchies are societies controlled and organized by a small class of privileged people, without the intervention of most of society; This small elite is defined as a common trait. This list focuses on different approaches of political systems to the distribution of sovereignty and autonomy of regions within the state. This is a popular story to show how cruel a king (or sultan or emperor) can be. The rules of this type of government are quite clear. Whatever the leader says, go. Of course, many people had different ideas about how the leader should govern, and these beliefs support completely different types of governments. Rules shape the legitimacy of government or the extent to which the people accept the authority of government. Autocracies are governed by a single entity with absolute power, whose decisions are not subject to external legal constraints or regular mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps an implicit threat).

This entity can be an individual, as in a dictatorship, or it can be a group, as in a one-party state. The word despotism means „to rule in the manner of despots“ and is often used to describe autocracy. Today, at least, most governments claim to be governed by law. The most common clue is the existence of a written constitution, but the most important question is whether the constitution is really the „plan“ that determines how and what policies are made. For example, Nigeria is officially a democracy with a written constitution that one dictator after another ignored. On the other hand, Britain never had a constitution as a single written document, but was regulated by law for centuries. For much of their history, the English have had a limited monarchy or a king or queen who have followed the rule of law. De jure, democratic governments with a de facto oligarchy are run by a small, distinct, powerful, or influential group of people who usually share similar interests or family relationships.

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