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What Is Representative Government Definition

The idea of a representative democracy for the United States came from the framers of the Constitution. They did not agree to give more power to the public and feared a „tyranny of the majority“. The belief was that by involving elected officials, individuals would be more likely to be heard against a majority with extreme views. Representative democracy was particularly prevalent in nation-states after the Industrial Revolution, where large numbers of citizens showed interest in politics, but technology and populations remained unsuited to direct democracy. [ref. needed] Many historians credit the Reform Act of 1832 with the introduction of modern representative democracy in the United Kingdom. [20] [21] Representative democracy is the most widespread form of government. As such, it has both advantages and disadvantages for the government and the people. Proponents of direct democracy criticize representative democracy because of its inherent structure. The fundamental foundation of representative democracy is a non-inclusive system in which MPs are transformed into an elite class working behind closed doors, as well as critics of the electoral system run by a capitalist and authoritarian system.

[35] [36] Reminders occur when state officials are removed from power. This could be due to the fact that they abuse their contribution or suffer from extremely low popularity ratings. Common features of representative democracy include: It promotes participation: When people are convinced that they have a say in their government`s decisions, they are more aware of the issues affecting their country and vote to make their views heard on these issues. In a representative democracy, people usually vote for other people – representatives – and not directly through legislative proposals. These representatives formulate, propose, debate and then vote on the laws and policies of our country. They should do it in a way that they think we would be happy with. In other words, they represent our interests. It saves us from having to refresh the intricacies of law and policy, and instead places that responsibility on someone whose job it is to be an expert on these issues. At least in theory.

The logic of representative government is that in large modern countries not everyone can come together as they did in the democratic market of Athens or Rome; And so, if the people are to participate in government, they must choose and elect a few from among them to represent them and act for them. In modern political systems with large populations, representation in one form or another is necessary if government is to be based on the consent of the governed. Elected officials are also less likely to reflect the passing political passions of the moment than the people, and therefore offer more stability and political continuity to a government. Whether a member of Parliament should be accountable to his or her constituents has been a question of debate for a long time. The basic alternatives are that the people`s representatives act as delegates who carry out orders, or that they are free actors who act to the best of their knowledge and beliefs. But not all representative democracies are equal. Some are parliamentary constitutional monarchies, such as the United Kingdom or the Netherlands, while others are representative republics, such as Germany or the United States. Even countries that are de facto dictatorships maintain mechanisms of representative democracy. Russia comes to mind. And representative democracy can be either liberal – where laws not only protect our human rights and other values, but also limit the power of our representatives – or illiberal, in which elected representatives, once in power, can govern more or less as they please. Chances are you live in a representative democracy.

A majority of people live in one form or another under representative democracy. All EU member states are representative democracies, as are almost all countries in the Western Hemisphere. If you live in a democracy, you can almost certainly say that you live in a representative democracy. The majority of countries in the world use this system of government. It can become ineffective: governments characterized by representative democracy can evolve into massive bureaucracies that are notoriously slow to act, especially on important issues. In some representative democracies with bicameral parliaments, a chamber is not elected by the people. For example, members of the House of Lords of the British Parliament and the Senate of Canada obtain their position by appointment, inheritance or official function. Quite pink. Representative democracy is now the established form of democracy in the world and the system of government under which most people live. And when they have it, people don`t seem particularly eager to change it. The ancient Roman Republic was the first state in the Western world known to have a representative form of government.

Today`s representative democracies resemble Roman rather than Greek models of democracy in that they gave supreme power to the people and their elected representatives. This is the most popular mode of governance, with 60% of nations using representative democracy with elected representatives. The United States is a prime example of this with its homes and political parties. A system of government in which citizens elect representatives who propose and vote on laws or political initiatives. Ultimately, representative democracy should really lead to a government created „by the people, for the people.“ However, their success depends on people`s freedom to express their wishes to their representatives and their willingness to act accordingly. We are busy people. We have jobs to go to, kids to take care of, the latest Apple products to salivate. It is not reasonable to expect the average person to have the time to understand the details of governance or even the content of a single piece of legislation. This is the greatest benefit of representative democracy – we can delegate this responsibility to others whose job it is to understand these things and then align ourselves with our interests in mind. The UK is similar in that it elects representatives for constituencies and they vote on legislation in Parliament.

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